Agricultural Inputs, Processes & Outputs
Objective: To be able to describe in general terms the main features of an agricultural system: inputs, processes and outputs
Task 1: Watch the first video above (from 43 seconds) and then the second video above then study the diagram below & the information on theory sheet (blue tab).
Apply the inputs, processes and outputs model for a Big Mac using the worksheet (second blue tab) to the right.
You are going to need several definitions for this unit of work relating to the agricultural industry.
Task 2 - Use the information here to complete the key words sheet by clicking on the blue tab to the right.
Large Scale Commercial Farming
Objective: Describe the influence of natural and human inputs on the processes and outputs of a large scale commercial farming operation
Starter: Watch both Meatrix videos above and make a note on this sheet of the controversies caused by large scale commercial meat farming around the world.
Of course, farming can be carried out in a more responsible way. Please see the case study below to build up a picture of how a large scale commercial farm works in the USA.
Welcome to Fair Oaks Farm
Your commercial large scale case study will be of Fair Oaks Farm in Indiana, USA. Their website is here
To build your case study you will need the location map to the right as well as the videos underneath. Use the worksheet above to record down your responses.
Your case study should include the following:
1. Location. Where is the farm and check out the surrounding area using Google Maps / Google Earth to help you with part 2.
2. Natural inputs (relief, climate and soil)
3. Human inputs (economic, social and ICT).
4. Influences on the scale of production
5. How the farm works (milking & meat production)
6. The products of the farm.
7. Other Outputs (from the cows!)
Small Scale Subsistence Farming
3/4 of the world's population live in the developing world, and over 70% of these people are engaged in farming. Much of the produce from farming in the LEDC's is for subsistence.
Objective: Describe the influence of natural and human inputs on the processes and outputs of a small scale subsistence farming operation
Remember the definition of subsistence farming?
Farming that involves only rearing enough animals and/or growing enough crops to support immediate friends and family.
Task 1: Watch the first video to the right. On the worksheet (right), outline how subsistence farming is different to large scale commercial farming.
Task 2: Watch the second YouTube video I'm a Subsistence farmer, get me out of here. On your worksheet from task 1,
i. Outline the reasons why people find subsistence farming hard in rural parts of Ghana.
ii. Why do these people move to the shanty towns in the urban areas? (link with NIC Urbanisation)
Case Study Time
You will be using the Understanding GCSE Geography textbook page 162-163 to complete this study.
Step 1 - Watch the IRRI Video: Rice is Life to the right. Take notes and outline why rice is so important for the Asian population.
Step 2 - Click on the blue tab beneath to access a framework sheet to record your information.
Food Shortages & Food Aid
Famine: When the demand for food exceeds the supply of food leading to undernourishment. Prolonged undernourishment can damage people's health and eventually lead to starvation.
Objective: To be able to recognize the causes and effects of food shortages.
What are the causes of food shortage?
Starter: How much rice can you donate in 5 minutes? Click here to play. Timer here.
Task 1 - Create a spider diagram to show the causes of food shortages in a country. This website will help you.
You can record your spider diagram on the worksheet to the right.
Task 2a-c - Read this article from the New York Times. Complete the associated activities on the second page of the worksheet.
Task 3 - Read these recent articles on food shortage and famine in Yemen and South Sudan.
The Guardian - Yemen's food crisis: 'We die either from the bombing or the hunger' - link here
The Guardian - Famine Declared in South Sudan - Link here
Now complete the sample exam questions using the articles above and what you have learnt in previous tasks as case study material.
Task 4 - Using this link, complete the quiz on world hunger. Make a note of the correct responses to the questions in your exercise book.
Task 5 - Complete the two tasks set out on this worksheet. Can be completed online or by hand.
Task 6 - Now watch the second video and take notes on the the following:
i. How many people die per day from hunger?
ii. Of that total, how many are children?
iii. What does WFP stand for and who is it run by?
iv. How does the WFP distribute its food?
v. How else does the WFP help in famine prone areas?
vi. How many people does WFP feed per year?
Task 7 - Listen to the BBC Inquiry Podcast by clicking on the blue tab below. The Inquiry is a 22 minute Podcast that incorporates 4 chapters and four key witnesses. Please write your notes on this worksheet.
Original Source of Podcast is here. There is further information about the ongoing issue in the BBC News Report to the right.