- Flights -Toulouse to Berlin
- Other transport - Metro
PM - Urban Change & Evidence of Gentrification
IB DP & IGCSE (single opter) Geographers
- Short orientation around the hotel and planning for the trip
- Short lesson recap on spontaneous and organised settlement growth then U Bahn down to Nikolaikirche settlement rebuild to look at how Berlin might have looked and then show differences in Soviet v German architecture.
- Then walk to Hackescher Markt to see elements of gentrification in process - repurposed railways arches etc.
- Group then walks down to Friedrichstrasse station and either on to view the Reichstag or....
- Palace of Tears - Interactive museum that leads you through a chronological series of events from the building of the wall to the reunification in 1989. Excellent exhibits and many personal accounts of those who were there and lived through it. http://www.visitberlin.de/en/spot/traenenpalast-palace-of-tears
- Some free time built in around historic sites.
Evening meal then activities.
IB DP & IGCSE (single opter) Geographers
AM - Berlin Settlement Patterns - Modeling it.
Walk down to the Spree and then along to Berliner Stadt-Modelle - Senate Department for Urban Development and Housing
Spend up to 1 hour in the museum completing background tasks and with talk from planning officer.
Then walk to U Märkisches Museum and taking U2 to U Nollendorfplatz before changing for the U1 and exiting at U Uhlandstr.
PM - History of Berlin Museum and Bunker Tour
- Not all of the museum is relevant to us. On the first floor, room 12 is of significance with details of the rapid urban growth of Berlin from 800,000 in 1871 to 2 million by 1905.
- Following on from that, on the same floor there is some good information about the creation of Greater Berlin in 1920 by the Prussian government. It is important to note the great resistance to this movement by settlements on the rural urban fringe fearing that they would be swallowed up and lose their identity.
- Of course, parallels can be drawn with modern day urbanization and threats to the RUF in Toulouse and elsewhere.
- Following this, students should proceed down the stairs to the section of the museum that details the rise of Hitler and the speed at which policies were implemented that caused disparity within Germany, in particular the treatment of the Jewish population. Students should note the initial policies such as Jewish families being banned from hiring Aryan women under the age of 45 years old and how fast the policies thereafter snowballed.
- The last section of the exhibition allows the students to explore the construction of the Berlin Wall in the early 60's and the timeline of its existence until 1989 and the reunification. This is of particular interest given the fieldwork that will be carried out on Day 3. As the students leave the museum, they should watch a few minutes of the news footage of the fall of the wall.
Once the tour of the museum is over, the students to tour the underground bunker a short walk from the museum. This was the reality of Cold War Berlin!
PM - The Wall 360°
- This is our last visit of the day.
- The Panorama transports visitors to an autumn day in the Kreuzberg area of Berlin. The 1980s alternative scene is booming, where punks, squats, trailers and a petting zoo meet on the streets of SO 36, completely separate from life in Mitte and East Berlin – despite being just a stone’s throw away. The several-metre-wide death strip and its border fences separate east and west, FRG and GDR, capitalism and communism.
- Possibility to visit Checkpoint Charlie briefly on the way back to the Metro.
Evening meal then activities.
Tuesday - Fieldwork & Data Collection
IBDP & all IGCSE Geography students (31 in total)
This piece of work will be based around the itinerary offered by Insider Tours and will be run by Nikolai (excellent, knowledgeable guide).
1. Adjective Pair Survey
2. Index of Services & Amenities
3. Index of Residential Decay
4. Perception Survey
5. Environmental Survey
6. Conflict Matrix
Stage 1 - Meet at AM - Meet at Hackescher Market, next to the metro station. This is an excellent location to start the study and would allow students to complete on of their first surveys of the areas. There has been clear gentrification of the area since 1989 with old railway arches being turned into trendy bars, chains food stores with only one original German beer bar.
Stage 3 -Schonhauser Allee - Gentrification centre of Berlin
Students to carry out a number of surveys here, comparing both buildings & amenity surveys/property price etc.
Note that this is the home area of Rammstein - an industrial metal and now world famous music group. There might be some research to be done beforehand on their early videoes & lyrics particularly linking in with this neighbourhood and that the fact that to some extent, their music has been 'gentrified' too as their international fan base has increased.
Stage 4 - Walk along Schonhauser Allee before turning left into the former Kulturbrauerei.
Excellent area for surveys, photography and land use survey (will need plan of the site with each building present for identification purposes).
Conflict Matrix could be carried out here as well as a comparison of current level of development v's historical images taken from Google Streetview below (2008) and time slider.
There are currently 500,000 Berliners of Turkish descent making it the highest diaspora population outside of Turkey and the highest in Germany. However, many of the diaspora identify themselves as Kurdish. There have been many years of criticisms from within Germany about the immigration issues and even Merkel has suggested that the diaspora are still not fully integrated. The reasons for this are that many Turks are eligible for naturalisation in Germany however, dual nationality is not permitted. They are second, third and fourth generation, born and bred in the country. However, many also own property in Turkey and use these properties as a base when they return to visit families but also rent out to make money. Strict Turkish laws impede the ownership of property by foreign nationals and so many are reluctant to give up their Turkish passports for German ones as this additional source of income could be put in jeopardy.
Interesting to note the impact of the recent Ergodan vote and why he was so keen to host political rallies in the city to push through his new legislation. Also worth noting the satellite dish effect as many of the residents have access to Turkish television through huge satellites fixed to the side of the tenement housing in the area.
There has been a diffusion of language that has taken place due to the popular hip hop scene that is dominated by Turkish origin singers. New phrases & word combinations have grown from this and interesting to note the comparisons with N.W.A in the USA & N.T.M in France too. Also, the Turkish that is spoken in Berlin is a fairly antiquated version that was more widely spoken in Turkey in the 1950's. This is some cause for amusement back in Turkey when the German Turks return to their homeland on first pilgrimage etc. Interesting cultural diffusion facets to note although would need German speaker to explain further.
From this point, we can walk back down Admiralstrasse, across the bridge over the landwehr Canal and down one of the only streets in Berlin (Planufer) to survive the bombardment of WW2. This is a great finish to the walk and gives students an idea of what an affluent neighbourhood of the western Berlin would have looked like originally.