Inputs, Processes & Outputs
Objective: To be able to describe in general terms the main features of an agricultural system: inputs, processes and outputs
Task 1: Watch the video above then study the diagram below & the information on theory sheet (blue tab).
Apply the inputs, processes and outputs model for a Big Mac using the worksheet (second blue tab) to the right.
You are going to need several definitions for this unit of work relating to the agricultural industry.
Task 2 - Using the information (Agriculture - Commercial Farming) from the Greenfield Wiki here, complete the key words sheet by clicking on the blue tab to the right.
Large Scale Commercial Farming
Objective: Describe the influence of natural and human inputs on the processes and outputs of a large scale commercial farming operation
Starter: Watch both Meatrix videos above and make a note on this sheet of the controversies caused by large scale commercial meat farming around the world.
Welcome to Fair Oaks Farm
Your commercial large scale case study will be of Fair Oaks Farm in Indiana, USA. Their website is here
To build your case study you will need the location map to the right as well as the videos underneath.
Your case study should include the following:
1. Location. Where is the farm and check out the surrounding area using Google Maps / Google Earth to help you with part 2.
2. Natural inputs (relief, climate and soil)
3. Human inputs (economic, social and ICT).
4. Influences on the scale of production
5. How the farm works (milking & meat production)
6. The products of the farm.
7. Other Outputs (from the cows!)
Small Scale Subsistence Farming
3/4 of the world's population live in the developing world, and over 70% of these people are engaged in farming. Much of the produce from farming in the LEDC's is for subsistence.
Objective: Describe the influence of natural and human inputs on the processes and outputs of a small scale subsistence farming operation
Remember the definition of subsistence farming?
Farming that involves only rearing enough animals and/or growing enough crops to support immediate friends and family.
Task 1: Watch the first video to the right. On the worksheet (right), outline how subsistence farming is different to large scale commercial farming.
Task 2: Watch the second YouTube video I'm a Subsistence farmer, get me out of here. On your worksheet from task 1,
i. Outline the reasons why people find subsistence farming hard in rural parts of Ghana.
ii. Why do these people move to the shanty towns in the urban areas? (link with NIC Urbanisation)
Case Study Time
You will be using the Understanding GCSE Geography textbook page 162-163 to complete this study.
Step 1 - Watch the IRRI Video: Rice is Life to the right. Take notes and outline why rice is so important for the Asian population.
Step 2 - Click on the blue tab beneath to access a framework sheet to record your information.
Food Shortages & Food Aid
Famine: When the demand for food exceeds the supply of food leading to undernourishment. Prolonged undernourishment can damage people's health and eventually lead to starvation.
Objective: To be able to recognize the causes and effects of food shortages.
Update February 2014 - Read this BBC article and highlight the causes and effects of the food shortage
Shortages of food may be related to natural problems such as soil exhaustion, drought, floods, tropical cyclones, pests, disease. We have already studied the impacts of drought ,desertification and soil exhaustion in the Sahel region of Africa in the Natural Environments unit (here).
Starter: How much rice can you donate in 5 minutes? Click here to play. Timer here.
Click on the blue tab to the right to access your worksheet.
Task 1 - Using this link, complete the definitions on the worksheet.
Task 2 - Click here to access the global hunger map. Complete task 2 on the worksheet.
Task 3 - Using the data on the Global Hunger Map site, complete the table on the worksheet.
Task 4 - Using this link, look on the right hand side for the 'Test Your Hunger IQ'. Make a note of the correct responses to the questions in your exercise book and fill in your details to donate a hot meal to a child.
Task 5 - Watch the WFP YouTube video above right and take notes on the the following:
i. How many people die per day from hunger?
ii. Of that total, how many are children?
iii. What does WFP stand for and who is it run by?
iv. How does the WFP distribute its food?
v. How else does the WFP help in famine prone areas?
vi. How many people does WFP feed per year?
Task 6 - Complete the two tasks set out on this worksheet. Can be completed online of by hand.
Task 7 - The Hungry in Syria **Current Geography**
Click here to access a BBC news article & videos on the ongoing crisis in Syria and the involvement of WFP.
Make notes on how people in Syria are becoming hungry and what the WFP are trying to do in cities such as Damascus.